Aquaculture, also known as aqua farming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is a harvesting of wild fish.

Aquaculture also includes the production of ornamental fish for the aquarium trade, and growing plant species used in a range of food, pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biotechnology products.Low-income farmers who invest in fish farming will be able to generate additional income and food for their family and potentially for the market. To be successful, an aquaculture operation requires much careful planning. The available natural resources, such as water and land, but also the local temperature and other factors influence the choice of the species to be farmed and the production system to be used.

Climate does not limit the scale of aquaculture but it can determine the species that can be grown.The availability of high-quality water is usually the most crucial resource when making decisions about where, what and how much fish to farm. The most common small-scale aquaculture systems are small-pond fish farming and fish farming in lakes, rivers, dams and reservoirs.

Aquaculture systems can be as simple as a few tanks and a filter, or they can be large commercial size operations. For starting one need to have a pond or tank, a source of water, access to electricity, an aeration device, seed stock , feed and a pH tester.Various schemes have been implemented by government for this sector.

Portfolio of Aquaculture