Vermiculture


Vermiculture is the process of using worms to decompose organic food waste, turning the waste into a nutrient-rich material capable of supplying necessary nutrients to help sustain plant growth. This method is simple, effective, convenient, and noiseless. It saves water, energy, landfills, and helps rebuild the soil. The most common worm used in vermiculture is the red earthworm (Eiseniafetida).

Worm anatomy and physiology is an integral part of the design of a vermicomposter. Unlike composting, vermiculture can be carried out, in kitchen garden, in the basement of a house, or in a heated garage if the bin is suitable and it is well maintained to avoid odors. Worm bins also can speed up the process by months[1]are often much smaller than compost binscan take pure kitchen waste.

Without needing garden waste or soil once the colony has been established and can handle paper (e.g. paper with food on it, which can't be put out with paper recycling). NABARD has launched the scheme for biofertilizer production and vermicompost hatcheries with conditions for group of farmers, firms, cooperatives etc. Subsidy of 25% of the total cost of the project to the maximum of Rs.20 lakhs (1.5 lakhs for vermicompositing)per unit whichever is less will be provided by government,25% will be owner’s contribution50% can be taken from banks as a loan.

Portfolio of Vermiculture